In modern times where globalization wins the headlines of the media, it seems to show an apparent lack of interest in environmental conservation, but in reality it is not, true economic integration must go hand in hand with the implementation of regulatory measures that do not restrict economic activity and that contribute to sustainable development, as well as environmental management where citizens are involved, not as a pressure group, but as participants when making decisions with environmental consequences.
It is precisely in this general scheme where the environmental economy arises to seek or at least propose favorable ways that lead to optimization in the exploitation of natural resources, whose reserves are scarce but with different uses for which it is necessary to opt.
Environmental economics encompasses the study of environmental problems using the vision and tools of the economy. Currently, there is an erroneous concept of Economics, since the first thing that is thought is that its field of study is in its entirety about business decisions and how to obtain returns in the capitalist mode of production. But the Economy focuses on the decisions made by economic actors on the use of scarce resources.